Healthy gums are just as important as healthy teeth! Many of our patients are unaware that they have or are at risk of gum disease! Poor oral health and some health conditions can contribute to gum disease. There are 2 main types of gum disease; Gingivitis and Periodontitis.
Gingivitis are the early signs of gum disease. It is a milder form that causes irritation, redness and swelling (inflammation) of your gingiva (the part of your gum around the base of your teeth). This is quite common but if left untreated can progress into periodontitis which is more severe.
These are some symptoms of Gingivitis:
Swollen and rounded gums
Bleeding when brushing
Gums feel tender to touch
PERIODONTITIS / PERIODONTAL / GUM DISEASE
Periodontitis is an infection that occurs underneath the gum. If left untreated, the infection starts forming rocks that stick to your teeth and release toxins that eat away at the bone. The long term effects of this is bone and tooth loss. Periodontitis is common but fairly preventable. The main cause is usually poor oral hygiene. Treatment includes professionally cleaning the pockets around your teeth to remove the infection. Regular cleaning and treatment can remove the gum disease and help prevent it from coming back.
These are some symptoms of Periodonitis:
Pain when you chew or bite
Gums that pull away from your teeth (recede), making your teeth look longer than normal
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